60+ Vegetable Names in Nepali and English – A Complete Guide

Nepal is a country known for its diverse culture and beauty. It is also famous for a wide range of cuisines each varying in taste, aroma, and spices. The use of a wide range of spices and vegetables is the reason for the diversity in the taste of Nepali foods. Vegetables are consumed in Nepal regularly and are a common ingredient in every Nepali meal. Here is a complete list of all vegetable names in Nepali with their English meaning and pronunciation that will help children and non-Nepali viewers learn them in no time.

Vegetables in Nepali cuisine

There are a variety of Nepali cuisines that are either consumed on a regular basis or on some occasions like Maghe Sankranti. Vegetables are mostly used to prepare curries for consumption of staple food like Dal Bhat. Some of the most commonly used vegetables in Nepali cuisine include potatoes (आलू), tomatoes (टमाटर), onions (प्याज), cauliflower (काउली), garlic(लशुन), ginger(अदुवा), spinach (पालुङगो). The variety of flavors and textures of vegetables make Nepali dishes unique and full of flavor. Moreover, Nepali vegetables are full of nutrition and low in calories making Nepali cuisines healthy and tasty as well.

Why should you learn vegetable names in Nepali?

Learning Nepali Vegetable names can be very useful, especially for people from foreign countries. Whether to order food in the local language or buy your groceries, having a good knowledge of Nepali vegetables and fruits can be very helpful.
Also, if you are sensitive or want to avoid eating certain vegetables, learning the names of vegetables can help you understand the ingredients of the dish you are about to have and save you from having a bad day. By having basic knowledge of vegetable names in Nepali, you can also prepare Nepali dishes without any hassle.

Types of Nepali Vegetables 

  • Root Vegetables

Vegetable Names in Nepali, Root Vegetables in Nepal

List of Nepali Root Vegetables

Nepali names  Pronunciation English names Culinary Uses
आलु Aalu Potato It is often used in curries and soups. It is used to make dishes like aalu dum, aalu tama(bamboo shoot), aalu chop, fries, etc.
प्याज Pyaz Onion It is the first thing to include while preparing most curry dishes. While it is generally not consumed raw, it enhances the taste of the dish when cooked.
तरुल Tarul Yam It is often boiled and consumed during Maghe Sankranti. Also used in curry.
मुला Mula Radish It is commonly consumed raw as salad. Also used in chutneys, pickles, and curry.
गाजर Gajar Carrot Same as radish but can be grated and used to make sweet dishes like gajar ko halwa.
गान्टे मुला Gante mula Turnip While belonging to the same family, turnips are mostly served cooked and used in curries.
सखरखण्ड Shakharkhanda Sweet Potato It is often boiled, roasted, or fried and served as a snack or side dish.
चुकन्दर Chukandar Beetroot Beetroot is often grated and used in salads or cooked in curries. It is also used to make beetroot halwa.
  • Leafy Green Vegetables

Leafy vegetables are called ‘Saag’ in Nepali and are commonly used in Nepali cuisine. They are the most nutrients dense food we can eat. They are low in calories and high in fiber, making them a perfect choice for those who want to maintain a healthy diet and lose weight. Here are some leafy vegetables in Nepali.

Leafy Vegetables in Nepali

List of Nepali Leafy Green Vegetables

Nepali name Pronunciation English name
पालुंगो को साग Paalungo ko saag Spinach
रायो को साग Rayo ko saag Mustard greens
लत्ता को साग Lattā ko saag Amaranth greens
मेथी को साग Methi ko sāg Fenugreek leaves
मूला को साग Mūlā ko sāg Radish greens
छ्यापी Chyappi Shallot Greens
निउरो को साग Neuro ko saag Edible Fern Shoots
सुप को साग Saunf ko saag Nettle Greens
  • Gourd and squashes

They are mostly creeping vegetables that can grow over the roof of a house and are used mostly to make curries.

Gourd and Squash Vegetables Nepali

List of Nepali Gourd and Squashes

Nepali name Pronunciation English name
फर्सी Farsi Pumpkin
तिते करेला Tite karela Bitter gourd/ Bitter melon
लौकी Lauki Bottle gourd
घिरौला Ghiraula Sponge gourd
चिचिन्डो Chichindo Snake gourd
चट्टेल Chattel Spiny Bitter Gourd / Red Melon
कुभिन्डो Kubhindo Ash Gourd
  • Legumes 

Legumes are a good source of protein, fiber, and vitamins. It is consumed daily by Nepalese probably with cooked rice or bread.

Different types of Nepali Legumes

List of Nepali Legumes

Lentils Nepali name Pronunciation Lentils English name
चना Chana Chickpeas (चना)
राजमा Rajma Kidney beans (राजमा)
बोडी Bodi Black-eyed peas (बोडी)
मुगी को दाल Mugi ko daal Mung beans
भटमास Bhatamas Soybeans
मसूर को दाल Masoor ko daal Red gram/ red lentil
मास को दाल Maas ko daal Black gram/ Black lentil

List/compilation of 60+ Vegetable Names in Nepali

Pronounciation(Roman Script) Nepali Names of Vegetables(Devanagari Script) English  Names of Vegetables
Aalu आलु Potato
Aduwa अदुवा Ginger
Banda Gobi बन्दगोभी/बन्दाकोपि Cabbage
Barelaa बरेला Balsam Apple
Bethe ko Saag बेथेको साग Lamb’s quarters
Bhindey Khursani भिडी खोर्शानी Bell Pepper / Sweet Pepper
Bhyanta / Bhantaa भ्यान्टा / भन्टा Brinjal / Egg Plant/ Aubergine
Brokauli ब्रोकौली Broccoli
Bodi बोडी Beans
Chattel चट्टेल Spiny Bitter Gourd / Momordica cochinchinesis / Gac
Chamsur ko saag चम्सुरको साग Curled Garden cress / Lepidium sativum
Chanaa चना Gram
Chiyau च्याउ Mushroom
Chhyapi छ्यापी Shallot
Chukandar चुकन्दर Beet Roots
Dhaniya धनिया Corainder
Dhokrey Khurshani धोक्रे खुर्शानी Long Pepper
Gajar गाजर Carrot
Gaanthye Mula गंथ्ये मुला Kohlrabi
Ghiraula घिरौला Sponge Gourd
Ghiraula (Paate) पाटे घिरौला Ridgedor Ribbed Gourd
Golveda / Tamatar गोलभेडा / टमाटर Tomato
Imli इमली Tamarind
Ishkush इश्कुश Chayote Squash
Jire Khorsani जिरे खुर्शानी Bird’s Eye Chilly / Bird Pepper
Jyanmara Khursani ज्यानमारा खुर्शानी Cherry Pepper
Kaakro काक्रो Cucumber
Katar कटर Jackfruit
Karkalo कर्कलो Taro Leaves
Kauli / Phulgobhi काउली / फुल्गोभी Cauliflower
Kerau / Matar केराउ / मटर Garden Peas
Khursani खुर्शानी Chili Pepper
Koiralo कोइरालो Bauhinia
Kubhindo कुभिन्डो Ash Gourd / Wax Gourd / Chinese Melon
Kurilo कुरिलो Asparagus
Lapsi / Laushi लप्शी / लौशी Nepalese HogPlug
Lashun लशुन Garlic
Lauka लौका Bottle Gourd / Calabash
Methi ko Saag मेथीको साग Fenugreek Leaf
Mula मुला Radish
Mula ko Saag मुलको साग Radish Greens
Mula ko Duku मुलाको डुकु Radish Shoots
Niuro निउरो Fiddleehead Fern
Paalungo पालुंगो Spinach
Parwar पर्वर Pointed Gourd / Patol
Pharshi फर्शी Gourd / Pumpkin / Squash
Pharshi ko Munta फर्सीको मुन्टा Pumpkin Shoots
Pidalu पिडालु Co-co Yam
Piyaz प्याज Onion
Raamtoriya / Chipli Bhindi रामतोरिया / चिप्ली भिंडी Okra / Ladies Finger
Raayo ko Sag रायोको साग LeafMustard
Raayo Ko Duku रायो को डुकु Mustard Shoots
Salgum सलगम Turnip
Sakharkhanda सखरखण्ड Sweet Potato
Sano Kerau सानो केराउ Field Peas
Simi सिमि Beans
Sishnu ko Saag सिस्नुको साग Stinging Nettle
Tarul तरुल Casavaa / Yam / Tapioca
Taama तामा Bamboo
Thotne ठोट्ने Vegetable Smart Weed / Polygonum
Tite Karela तिते करेला Bitter Gourd / Balsam Pear
Tyammatar ट्यामाटर TreeTomato

Health Benefits of some Nepali vegetables

Nepali vegetables are known for their diverse range of flavors and health benefits. They are rich in vitamins and minerals, high in fiber, and low in calories. Below are some of the vegetables in Nepali that have good health benefits.

  • Bitter gourd/Bitter Melon

Though often hated by teens for its bitterness, bitter melon is a  good source of vitamins A and C, iron, and fiber. It also helps in lowering blood sugar levels.

  • Okra

Okra is rich in fiber and contains potassium, calcium & vitamins. It is also recommended to consume by a health professional for maintaining healthy bones.

  • Pumpkin

It is a good vitamin A source that helps improve vision. They also contain vitamins C, E, and iron.

  • Cabbage

Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable rich in vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants. It also helps in improving digestion and lowering blood pressure.

  • Radish

Radishes are a good source of vitamin C and fiber. They may also help improve digestion and have anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Spinach

Spinach is a popular leafy vegetable that is high in iron and vitamin K. It is also a good source of A and C, folate, and magnesium.

FAQ

Q: What are some common types of leafy vegetables in Nepali cuisine?

A: Some common types of leafy vegetables used in Nepali cuisine include spinach (पालुङगो), mustard greens (तोरी साग), fenugreek greens (मेथी), and amaranth greens (लाल साग).

Q: What is bodi(बोडी) called in English?

A: Bodi in English is called asparagus bean. But, when the seeds are dried and consumed later they are referred to as Black Eyed Peas.

Q: What is simi(सिमि) called in English?

A: Simi is called beans in English. Though it is a specific term, there are many types of simi like Bodi (Yardlong beans), Simi (Lima beans), Bhatmas (Soybeans,  Rajma (Kidney beans), Masyang (Black-eyed peas), Kwati (Mixed beans), etc.

Q: What is lauka called in English?

A: Lauka in English is called Bottle Gourd or Calabash.

Q: How do you call bii vegetable or bee vegetable in English?

A: Bee vegetable or bii vegetable is known as Solanum aethiopicum or simply African eggplant in English. It is also known as bitter tomato or mock tomato.

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